[EN] Queue data structure with array and Singly Linked List.

This article describes Queue Data Structures previously written in the Python Queue Data Structure article and is frequently used with the MicroPython example, but this article is written in C via Arduino IDE to use with microcontroller board LGT8F328P, SAM-D21, ESP8266, ESP32 and ESP32-S2 as shown in Figure 1 by using an example of the array structure and a single link list as a queued data structure. This article is probably the last article on JarutEx.

Figure 1 ESP32-S2, LGY8P326P and SAM-D21
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[EN] Stack data structure with Singly Linked List.

This article describes a stack data structure to write programs in C on various platforms using a single linked list data structure as a stack data store with examples of the array as storage and test the operation with the microcontroller board LGT8F328P, SAM-D21, ESP8266, ESP32 and ESP32-S2 as shown in Figures 1 and 2. In case of wanting to use with other platforms, you can still modify the code for use such as the same.

Figure 1 ESP32, LGY8P326P and SAM-D21
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[EN] Arduino: Using the ST7735s module with an ESP32-S2 via the TFT_eSPI library.

This article describes the use of the ST7735s module with the ESP32-S2 microcontroller via the TFT_eSPI library. We have previously discussed its implementation with the ESP32 and STM32F103C microcontrollers, and the chosen TFT module as REDTAB80x160 (added code for GREENTAB80x160 at the end of the article), but you can adjust the settings to other modules, see the User_Setup.h file of the TFT_eSPI library as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 0.96″ IPS TFT module with ESP32-S2
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[EN] Arduino: Control robot’s movement via browser with esp8266 Part 2

Based on the previous article that uses a single esp8266 for controlling the Agent, the number of pins that the esp8266 microcontroller (as written in the MicroPython article about machine.Pin) is limited. Many of the pins are used at boot up causing unintended errors such as the wheel spinning when the system starts and stops when the system finishes booting, etc. Therefore, in this article, a microcontroller board LGT8F328P is added as shown in Figure 1, or the reader may change to other Arduino family microcontrollers, such as Arduino Nano or Arduino Uno, etc. by giving that LGT8F328P is part of the Actuator that acts as a movement in the environment. It can be commanded to go forward, backward, turn left, turn right and stop, reducing the workload of the esp8266 and making it more responsive to WiFi communication.

Figure 1 LGT8F328P is integrated into a robotic car system to control the movement
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[EN] Arduino: SoftwareSerial with STM32F030F4

From the article recommending the use of the board STM32F030F4P6 that uses serial communication with the use of additional libraries that do not have enough memory. So we try to use SoftwareSerial of Arduino framework and use pins PA10 and PA9 to connect to RX and TX of USB-RS232 Converter Module as shown in Figure 1 and try to use it according to the settings of Arduino IDE as shown in Figure 2 and order toggle LED connected to pin PA4 found that when compiling the sample program is used, the ROM and RAM usage are 80% and 21% respectively as reported by the Arduino IDE as follows.

Sketch uses 13188 bytes (80%) of program storage space. Maximum is 16384 bytes.
Global variables use 876 bytes (21%) of dynamic memory, leaving 3220 bytes for local variables. Maximum is 4096 bytes.
Figure 1 STM32F030F4P6 with CH340E module
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[EN] Arduino: Control the movement of the robot car through the browser with the esp8266.

From the article Controlling a Servo 2-Wheel Robot in the ESP8266+RoboServo and the DC electric motor in VisionRobo Car: Drive Motor, we have taken the 2nd built-in robot car from the Raspberry Pi to the ESP8266 to operate via WiFi using the guidelines from the ESP-01s+Relay article. Let’s rewrite Arduino’s C/C++ with the WebServer class from the ESP8266 article to MicroPython. Thus, by the end of this article, the robot can be operated in the first example by connecting a phone or communication device. Go to 192.168.4.1 and order it to go forward, backward, turn left, turn right, or stop.

Figure 1 The robot in this article
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[EN] Generate temperature and humidity graphs with data from Singly Linked List.

From the article Singly Linked List Data Structures, the use of the DHT11 sensor module with the STM32F103 microcontroller, and the use of the TFT display module based on the st7735s controller, the idea of this article is to take an example of using a singly linked list data structure to collect the temperature and humidity values to find the maximum, minimum, average, together with the data in the list to display in the form of a graph as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 Result of the article
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[EN] Singly Linked List

This article is about programming C/C++ with Arduino Nano, Arduino Uno, LGT8F328P or other boards with C-capable platforms. A pointer is used to point to a memory address and memory management methods, including memory reservation memory access and deactivating the use of memory to create a method for storing data in a Single Linked List along with an example program used to store a list of temperature and humidity values ​​from the DHT11 module as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 Microcontroller with LGT8F328P and DHT11 module
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[EN] Arduino: STM32F103CBT6 ADC&LDR.

From reading articles on how to use board STM32L432 ADC and articles about STM32F103x connecting to ST7735S, it’s time to take STM32F103CBT6 or Blue-Pill/Black-Pill board. Let’s write a program to use ADC to display on a TFT screen. The example of the result of this article is as shown in Figure 1, which is reading from Pin PA0 that has been connected to Pin Analog signal from Board LDR in Figure 2 to Displayed on a TFT display.

Figure 1 Our board’s operation
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